PLC专题 ·

用树莓派读取S7-1200中的数据

UPDATE: If you want the raspberry pi to be the s7 server go here
UPDATE 2: If you want to see communication with S7-200 go here
UPDATE 3: Video walkthrough on setup go here

I recently borrowed a S7-1200 PLC from work to see if I could get data from it using a Raspberry Pi         . In my search for something I found that Snap7 was the best option.

         Steps to getting it work
  1. Download and compile snap7 (http://sourceforge.net/projects/snap7/files/1.2.1/snap7-full-1.2.1.tar.gz/download)
  2. Download and install python library to use snap7 (https://pypi.python.org/pypi/python-snap7

download and compile snap7 for rpi

wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/snap7/files/1.2.1/snap7-full-1.2.1.tar.gz/download
tar -zxvf snap7-full-1.2.1.tar.gz
cd snap7-full-1.2.1/build/unix
sudo make –f arm_v6_linux.mk all

#copy compiled library to your lib directories
sudo cp ../bin/arm_v6-linux/libsnap7.so /usr/lib/libsnap7.so
sudo cp ../bin/arm_v6-linux/libsnap7.so /usr/local/lib/libsnap7.so

#install python pip if you don't have it:
sudo apt-get install python-pip
sudo pip install python-snap7

You will need to edit the lib_location on common.py in the

/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/snap7/ directory
Add a line in the __init__ part of the Snap7Library class:
lib_location='/usr/local/lib/libsnap7.so'
example below:

class Snap7Library(object):
"""
Snap7 loader and encapsulator. We make this a singleton to make
sure the library is loaded only once.
"""
_instance = None
def __new__(cls, *args, **kwargs):
if not cls._instance:
cls._instance = object.__new__(cls)
cls._instance.lib_location = None
cls._instance.cdll = None
return cls._instance

def __init__(self, lib_location=None):
lib_location='/usr/local/lib/libsnap7.so' # add this line here
if self.cdll:
return
self.lib_location = lib_location or self.lib_location or find_library('snap7')
if not self.lib_location:
msg = "can't find snap7 library. If installed, try running ldconfig"
raise Snap7Exception(msg)
self.cdll = cdll.LoadLibrary(self.lib_location)

Now you can write your client code 🙂
Here's an example on how to connect and read an output Q0.0:
from time import sleep
import snap7
from snap7.util import *
import struct

plc = snap7.client.Client()
plc.connect("192.168.12.73",0,1)

area = 0x82 # area for Q memory
start = 0 # location we are going to start the read
length = 1 # length in bytes of the read
bit = 0 # which bit in the Q memory byte we are reading

byte = plc.read_area(area,0,start,length)
print "Q0.0:",get_bool(mbyte,0,bit)
plc.disconnect()

I created a helper class on my github here to make the syntax easier for people who are used to DAServer and Ladder:
https://github.com/SimplyAutomationized/raspberrypi/raw/master/S7-1200pi/S71200.py
Example on how to use it:
import S71200
from time import sleep
import snap7
from snap7.util import *
import struct

plc = S71200.S71200("192.168.21.65")
plc.writeMem('QX0.0',True) # write Q0.0 to be true, which will only turn on the output if it isn't connected to any rung in your ladder code
print plc.getMem('MX0.1') # read memory bit M0.1
print plc.getMem('IX0.0') # read input bit I0.0
print plc.getMem("FREAL100") # read real from MD100
print plc.getMem("MW20") # read int word from MW20
print plc.getMem("MB24",254) # write to MB24 the value 254
plc.plc.disconnect()

相关链接:

10+ Things the Raspberry Pi Can Do As a Cheaper Replacement in Industrial Automation

http://snap7.sourceforge.net/

https://python-snap7.readthedocs.io/en/latest/

https://www.jianshu.com/p/5284de40a139

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